Dating dolgano geological nenetskiy
Novaya Zemlya separates the Barents Sea from the Kara Sea.
The total area is about 90,650 square kilometers (35,000 sq mi).
Small numbers of Nenets were resettled to Novaya Zemlya in the 1870s in a bid by Russia to keep out the Norwegians.
This population, then numbering 298, was removed to the mainland in 1957 before nuclear testing began.
Uyedineniya belongs to the Krasnoyarsk Krai administrative division of the Russian Federation.
The island was discovered on 26 August 1878 by Norwegian explorer Captain Edvard Holm Johannesen from Tromsø, named the island Ensomheden—"solitude" in Norwegian—likely due to its isolated location in the Arctic.
is of the greatest importance and significance, as indicating the presence of land hitherto unknown in that direction.
Although it received the name it now bears from Captain Johannesen, a name signifying "lonely" or "solitary," it seems exceedingly unlikely that it will prove to be so isolated as is supposed...
Novaya Zemlya was a sensitive military area during the Cold War years and it is still used today.
Its length is 18.5 kilometres (11.5 miles) and its total area is 20 square kilometres (8 square miles).